Military Health Systems Notice of Privacy Practices
THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES HOW MEDICAL INFORMATION ABOUT YOU MAY BE USED AND DISCLOSED AND HOW YOU CAN GET ACCESS TO THIS INFORMATION. PLEASE REVIEW IT CAREFULLY.
If you have any questions about this notice, please contact your local Military Treatment Facility (MTF) Privacy Officer or, if necessary, the TRICARE Management Activity (TMA) Privacy Officer at www.tricare.osd.mil.
This Notice of Privacy Practices is provided to you as a requirement of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). It describes how we may use or disclose your protected health information, with whom that information may be shared, and the safeguards we have in place to protect it. This notice also describes your rights to access and amend your protected health information. You have the right to approve or refuse the release of specific information outside of our system except when the release is required or authorized by law or regulation.
ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF RECEIPT OF THIS NOTICE
You will be asked to provide a signed acknowledgment of receipt of this notice. Our intent is to make you aware of the possible uses and disclosures of your protected health information and your privacy rights. The delivery of your health care services will in no way be conditioned upon your signed acknowledgment. if you decline to provide a signed acknowledgment, we will continue to provide your treatment, and will use and disclose your protected health information for treatment, payment, and health care operations when necessary.
WHO WILL FOLLOW THIS NOTICE
This notice describes the Military Health System (MHS) practices regarding your protected health information. For this notice, the MHS includes the following:
- Any Department of Defense (DoD) health plan
- Military Treatment Facilities (References to MTFs within this notice include both medical and dental treatment facilities and all providers/staff who operate under their auspices.)
- TRICARE Regional Offices
- Headquarters activities, such as the Surgeons General of the Military Departments and the TRICARE Management Activity
The MHS is part of an organized health care arrangement with the Coast Guard. The Coast Guard and its treatment facilities will also follow these practices.
OUR DUTIES TO YOU REGARDING PROTECTED HEALTH INFORMATION
“Protected health information” is individually identifiable health information. This information includes demographics, for example, age, address, e-mail address, and relates to your past, present, or future physical or mental health or condition and related health care services. The MHS is required by law to do the following:
- Make sure that your protected health information is kept private.
- Give you this notice of our legal duties and privacy practices related to the use and disclosure of your protected health information.
- Follow the terms of the notice currently in effect.
- Communicate any changes in the notice to you.
We reserve the right to change this notice. Its effective date is at the top of the first page and at the bottom of the last page. We reserve the right to make the revised or changed notice effective for health information we already have about you as well as any information we receive in the future. You may obtain a Notice of Privacy Practices by accessing your local MTF web site or TMA web site www.tricare.osd.mil, calling the local MTF Privacy Officer and requesting a copy be mailed to you, or asking for a copy at your next appointment.
HOW WE MAY USE OR DISCLOSE YOUR PROTECTED HEALTH INFORMATION
Following are examples of permitted uses and disclosures of your protected health information. These examples are not exhaustive.
Required Uses and Disclosures
By law, we must disclose your health information to you unless it has been determined by a competent medical authority that it would be harmful to you. We must also disclose health information to the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) for investigations or determinations of our compliance with laws on the protection of your health information.
We will use and disclose your protected health information to provide, coordinate, or manage your health care and any related services. This includes the coordination or management of your health care with a third party. For example, we would disclose your protected health information, as necessary, to a TRICARE contractor who provides care to you. We may disclose your protected health information from time-to-time to another MTF, physician, or health care provider (for example, a specialist, pharmacist, or laboratory) who, at the request of your physician, becomes involved in your care by providing assistance with your health care diagnosis or treatment. This includes pharmacists who may be provided information on other drugs you have been prescribed to identify potential interactions.
In emergencies, we will use and disclose your protected health information to provide the treatment you require.
Your protected health information will be used, as needed, to obtain payment for your health care services. This may include certain activities the MTF might undertake before it approves or pays for the health care services recommended for you such as determining eligibility or coverage for benefits, reviewing services provided to you for medical necessity, and undertaking utilization review activities. For example, obtaining approval for a hospital stay might require that your relevant protected health information be disclosed to obtain approval for the hospital admission.
Health Care Operations
We may use or disclose, as needed, your protected health information to support the daily activities related to health care. These activities include, but are not limited to, quality assessment activities, investigations, oversight or staff performance reviews, training of medical students, licensing, communications about a product or service, and conducting or arranging for other health care related activities.
For example, we may disclose your protected health information to medical school students seeing patients at the MTF. We may call you by name in the waiting room when your physician is ready to see you. We may use or disclose your protected health information, as necessary, to contact you to remind you of your appointment.
We will share your protected health information with third-party “business associates” who perform various activities (for example, billing, transcription services) for the MTF or any DoD health plan. The business associates will also be required to protect your health information.
We may use or disclose your protected health information, as necessary, to provide you with information about treatment alternatives or other health-related benefits and services that might interest you. For example, your name and address may be used to send you a newsletter about our MTF and the services we offer. We may also send you information about products or services that we believe might benefit you.
Required by Law
We may use or disclose your protected health information if law or regulation requires the use or disclosure.
We may disclose your protected health information to a public health authority who is permitted by law to collect or receive the information. The disclosure may be necessary to do the following:
- Prevent or control disease, injury, or disability.
- Report births and deaths.
- Report child abuse or neglect.
- Report reactions to medications or problems with products.
- Notify a person who may have been exposed to a disease or may be at risk for contracting or spreading a disease or condition.
- Notify the appropriate government authority if we believe a patient has been the victim of abuse, neglect, or domestic violence.
We may disclose your protected health information, if authorized by law, to a person who might have been exposed to a communicable disease or might otherwise be at risk of contracting or spreading the disease or condition.
We may disclose protected health information to a health oversight agency for activities authorized by law, such as audits, investigations, and inspections. These health oversight agencies might include government agencies that oversee the health care system, government benefit programs, other government regulatory programs, and civil rights laws.
Food and Drug Administration
We may disclose your protected health information to a person or company required by the Food and Drug Administration to do the following:
- Report adverse events, product defects, or problems and biologic product deviations.
- Track products.
- Enable product recalls.
- Make repairs or replacements.
- Conduct post-marketing surveillance as required.
We may disclose protected health information during any judicial or administrative proceeding, in response to a court order or administrative tribunal (if such a disclosure is expressly authorized), and in certain conditions in response to a subpoena, discovery request, or other lawful process.
We may disclose protected health information for law enforcement purposes, including the following:
- Responses to legal proceedings
- Information requests for identification and location
- Circumstances pertaining to victims of a crime
- Deaths suspected from criminal conduct
- Crimes occurring at an MTF site
- Medical emergencies (not on the MTF premises) believed to result from criminal conduct
Coroners, Funeral Directors, and Organ Donations
We may disclose protected health information to coroners or medical examiners for identification to determine the cause of death or for the performance of other duties authorized by law. We may also disclose protected health information to funeral directors as authorized by law. Protected health information may be used and disclosed for cadaveric organ, eye, or tissue donations.
We may disclose your protected health information to researchers when authorized by law, for example, if their research has been approved by an institutional review board that has reviewed the research proposal and established protocols to ensure the privacy of your protected health information.
Under applicable Federal and state laws, we may disclose your protected health information if we believe that its use or disclosure is necessary to prevent or lessen a serious and imminent threat to the health or safety of a person or the public. We may also disclose protected health information if it is necessary for law enforcement authorities to identify or apprehend an individual.
Military Activity and National Security
When the appropriate conditions apply, we may use or disclose protected health information of individuals who are Armed Forces personnel (1) for activities believed necessary by appropriate military command authorities to ensure the proper execution of the military mission including determination of fitness for duty; (2) for determination by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) of your eligibility for benefits; or (3) to a foreign military authority if you are a member of that foreign military service. We may also disclose your protected health information to authorized Federal officials for conducting national security and intelligence activities including protective services to the President or others.
We may disclose your protected health information to comply with workers’ compensation laws and other similar legally established programs.
We may use or disclose your protected health information if you are an inmate of a correctional facility, and an MTF created or received your protected health information while providing care to you. This disclosure would be necessary (1) for the institution to provide you with health care, (2) for your health and safety or the health and safety of others, or (3) for the safety and security of the correctional institution.
Disclosures by the Health Plan
DoD health plans may also disclose your protected health information. Examples of these disclosures include verifying your eligibility for health care and for enrollment in various health plans and coordinating benefits for those who have other health insurance or are eligible for other government benefit programs. We may use or disclose your protected health information in appropriate DoD/VA sharing initiatives.
Some state laws concerning minors permit or require disclosure of protected health information to parents, guardians, and persons acting in a similar legal status. We will act consistently with the law of the state where the treatment is provided and will make disclosures following such laws.
USES AND DISCLOSURES OF PROTECTED HEALTH INFORMATION REQUIRING YOUR PERMISSION
In some circumstances, you have the opportunity to agree or object to the use or disclosure of all or part of your protected health information. Following are examples in which your agreement or objection is required.
Unless you object, we will use and disclose in our MTF inpatient directory your name, the location at which you are receiving care, your condition (in general terms), and your religious affiliation. All of this information, except religious affiliation, will be disclosed to people who ask for you by name. Only members of the clergy will be told your religious affiliation.
Individuals Involved in Your Health Care
Unless you object, we may disclose to a member of your family, a relative, a close friend, or any other person you identify, your protected health information that directly relates to that person’s involvement in your health care. We may also give information to someone who helps pay for your care. Additionally we may use or disclose protected health information to notify or assist in notifying a family member, personal representative, or any other person who is responsible for your care, of your location, general condition, or death. Finally, we may use or disclose your protected health information to an authorized public or private entity to assist in disaster relief efforts and coordinate uses and disclosures to family or other individuals involved in your health care.
Your Rights regarding YOUR health information
You may exercise the following rights by submitting a written request or electronic message to the MTF Privacy Officer. Depending on your request, you may also have rights under the Privacy Act of 1974. Your local MTF Privacy Officer can guide you in pursuing these options. Please be aware that the MTF might deny your request; however, you may seek a review of the denial.
Right to Inspect and Copy
You may inspect and obtain a copy of your protected health information that is contained in a “designated record set” for as long as we maintain the protected health information. A designated record set contains medical and billing records and any other records that the MTF uses for making decisions about you.
This right does not include inspection and copying of the following records: psychotherapy notes; information compiled in reasonable anticipation of, or use in, a civil, criminal, or administrative action or proceeding; and protected health information that is subject to law that prohibits access to protected health information.
Right to Request Restrictions
You may ask us not to use or disclose any part of your protected health information for treatment, payment, or health care operations. Your request must be made in writing to the MTF Privacy Officer where you wish the restriction instituted. Restrictions are not transferable across MTFs. If the restriction is to be throughout the MHS, the request may be made to the TMA Privacy Officer. In your request, you must tell us (1) what information you want restricted;
(2) whether you want to restrict our use, disclosure, or both; (3) to whom you want the restriction to apply, for example, disclosures to your spouse; and (4) an expiration date.
If the MTF believes that the restriction is not in the best interest of either party, or the MTF cannot reasonably accommodate the request, the MTF is not required to agree. If the restriction is mutually agreed upon, we will not use or disclose your protected health information in violation of that restriction, unless it is needed to provide emergency treatment. You may revoke a previously agreed upon restriction, at any time, in writing.
Right to Request Confidential Communications
You may request that we communicate with you using alternative means or at an alternative location. We will not ask you the reason for your request. We will accommodate reasonable requests, when possible.
Right to Request Amendment
If you believe that the information we have about you is incorrect or incomplete, you may request an amendment to your protected health information as long as we maintain this information. While we will accept requests for amendment, we are not required to agree to the amendment.
Right to an Accounting of Disclosures
You may request that we provide you with an accounting of the disclosures we have made of your protected health information. This right applies to disclosures made for purposes other than treatment, payment, or health care operations as described in this Notice of Privacy Practices. The disclosure must have been made after April 14, 2003, and no more than 6 years from the date of request. This right excludes disclosures made to you, for an MTF directory, to family members or friends involved in your care, or for notification. The right to receive this information is subject to additional exceptions, restrictions, and limitations as described earlier in this notice.
Right to Obtain a Copy of this Notice
You may obtain a paper copy of this notice from your MTF or view it electronically at your local MTF web site or TMA web site at www.tricare.osd.mil.
FEDERAL PRIVACY LAWS
This MHS Notice of Privacy Practices is provided to you as a requirement of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). There are several other privacy laws that also apply including the Freedom of Information Act, the Privacy Act and the Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration Reorganization Act. These laws have not been superseded and have been taken into consideration in developing our policies and this notice of how we will use and disclose your protected health information.
If you believe these privacy rights have been violated, you may file a written complaint with your local MTF Privacy Officer, the TMA Privacy Officer, or the Department of Health and Human Services. No retaliation will occur against you for filing a complaint.
You may contact your local MTF Privacy Officer or the TMA Privacy Officer for further information about the complaint process, or for further explanation of this document. The TMA Privacy Officer may be contacted at TRICARE Management Activity, Information Management, Technology and Reengineering Directorate, HIPAA Office, Five Skyline Place, Suite 810, 5111 Leesburg Pike, Falls Church, VA 22041-3206, by phone at 1-888-DOD-HIPA
(1-888-363-4472 - Toll Free from the continental United States)/TTY 877-535-6778. You may also email questions to firstname.lastname@example.org. For additional information regarding your privacy rights visit the TRICARE Web site at http://www.tricare.osd.mil/hipaa/.
This notice is effective in its entirety as of April 14, 2003.